Bayezid I

   Ottoman sultan (1389-1402), called "Thunderbolt." He sealed the conquest of Serbia, conquered Bulgaria (qq.v.), and fought the first battles on Hungarian soil, becoming the terror of central Europe. What was left of Byzantium (q.v.), except for the Morea (q.v.), lay chiefly behind the great walls of Constantinople (q.v.). John V Palaiologos and his successor Manuel II Palaiologos (qq.v.) were, in fact, little more than vassals of Bayezid, forced to endure one humiliation after another. When Byzantine appeasement failed Bayezid laid siege to Constantinople during the last eight years of his life. Unexpectedly, Bayezid was defeated and captured by Timur (q.v.) at the battle of Ankara in 1402, a turn of events that prolonged the life of Byzantium for yet another half century.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Bayezid II. — Bayezid II. Bāyezīd II. (* 3. Dezember 1447 in Dimotika, nach anderen Quellen *Januar 1448[1]; †26. Mai 1512 bei Dimotika) war vom 19. Mai 1481 bis 24. April 1512 Sultan des Osmanischen Reiches. Wegen seiner Religiosität erhielt er den Beinamen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bayezid II — le Juste  (Sultan Bayezid Adlî)  (en turc, adlî signifie légal), connu en France sous le nom de Bajazet II, (né le 3 décembre 1447 à Dimetoka, aujourd hui Didymotikhon mort le 26 mai 1512 à Chekmece, près de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bayezid I. — Bayezid I., Ausschnitt aus einem Stammbaum, Osmanische Miniatur, Topkapi Museum, Istanbul …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bayezid — Bāyezīd (bzw. Bayezit) ist der Name zweier osmanischer Sultane: Bayezid I. (1389–1402) Bayezit II. (1481–1512) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselbe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bayezid — Bayezid, s. Bajesid …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bayezid —   [ z ], Bayezit [ z ], Name osmanischer Sultane Bajasid …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bayezid I — Ottoman Succession box Sultan Name=Bayezid I image portrait=I Bayezit.jpg Military=Rise of the Ottoman Empire title=Ottoman Sultan before=Murad I after=Interregnum years=1389 ndash;1402Bayezid I (Ottoman: بايزيد الأول, Turkish: Beyazıt ,… …   Wikipedia

  • Bayezid II — Ottoman Succession box Sultan Name=Sultan Bayezid II image portrait=II Bayezit.jpg Military=Growth of the Ottoman Empire title=Sultan before=Mehmed II after=Selim I years=1481 ndash;1512Bayezid II (1447/48ndash May 26, 1512) (Ottoman Turkish:… …   Wikipedia

  • Bayezid II — born December 1447/January 1448?, Demotika, Thrace, Ottoman Empire died May 26, 1512, Demotika Sultan who consolidated control of the Ottoman Empire begun by his father, Mehmed II. After taking the throne in 1481, he reversed his father s… …   Universalium

  • Bayezid I — born с 1360 died March 1403?, Akşehir, Anatolia Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1389–1402). After succeeding his father, Murad II (d. 1389), Bayezid expanded Ottoman control of the shrinking Byzantine Empire by conquering vast tracts of territory… …   Universalium

  • Bayezid — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Bayezid, Bayazıt ou Beyazıt est un nom turc, translittéré en français sous la forme de Bajazet. Bayezid Ier (1360 1402), sultan ottoman, qui inspira à… …   Wikipédia en Français

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